Since the 19th-century urban planning has taken a new face in urban development, it is also known as city planning. With each passing day, the population is rising and spreading its wings to every available space. Hence, with this rising population, it is essential to plan out the different sectors public for a living, working, entertainment, etc. Before introducing urban planning, cities were in terrible shape where people resided in areas near industrial sectors. Similarly, these unhealthy residential areas led to illness. Likewise, people used to live in areas with high pollution that reduced the quality of public health rate. This situation created great tension among the government officials, after which urban planning or city planning became popular.
Early urban planning mainly focused on separating the residential areas from the industrial zones. However, modern city planning involves much more attributes. Current urban planning includes parks, main roads, bike lanes, footpaths, and ways to smooth out traffic flow. It has become much more complex than it was in the early 19th century. Therefore, to simplify the planning process geographic information system or GIS is used. Today we will be discussing on how to use gis in urban planning.
How can GIS benefit Urban Planning?
A geographic information system (GIS) is an advanced technology that helps in understanding the geographic framework of our world. In the same way, it studies the landscapes displayed on the images and gathers information about the area. With the help of GIS, experts solve complex problems related to geographic landscapes. Accordingly, this technology helps them in creating Maps. Therefore, there are multiple other benefits of using the geographic information system. These are:
It helps in better understanding
With the help of a geographic information system or GIS, planners can gather detailed information about a particular landscape. Similarly, they can examine highly populated areas and those settlements that involve less population. It helps them better plan different sectors. It helps in minimizing complexities that may arise at the time of city planning.
Acts as a significant tool for the defense
GIS has proved its efficiency in the eyes of defense administration. It is a highly utilized software that helps the defense ministry execute their plans regarding safeguarding their country more efficiently. It allows the army to understand better their enemies’ bases and weak points in terms of landscape.
Helps in planning energy plants
Not every place is suitable to create energy plant houses. For each type of energy, engineers require different geographical advantages for optimum production of energy and electricity. Geographical information systems help identify the efficient locations that will act as an advantage for the generation of electricity. For example, to generate electricity using wind energy, open spaces are essential. Planners can quickly identify suitable locations to establish windmills.
Improves the accuracy of a map
With the help of this latest technology, planners can now create Maps that are almost next to accurate. The best example of it is Google Maps and Bing map. It helps in getting live directions with the most efficiency.
Helps in better communication
The geographic information system or GIS also provides a data storage facility. It helps in managing the gathered data. It helps in the storage facility. GIS also provides the facility to share the information among internal parties. It reduces a lot of time and energy as it does not involve large documents.
How to use GIS in urban planning?
There are multiple tools available on the geographic information system platform that experts and planners use at city planning. Some of them are:
Spatial analysis and modeling
Planners use this tool for analyzing a particular site or location for a specific purpose. It helps in creating transport models to study the impacts of any particular project.
Creation of visualization
This tool is related to the creation of Maps. With the help of proper tools available on the GIS platform, experts also create 3D Maps. Digital Maps are another project accomplished with the use of GIS. These make it easier in the process of decision-making.
Ample database availability
Geographic information systems provide an ample amount of database. It makes it easier to store all the information and data gathered under a single database. It also adds the benefit of easy maintenance and organization of data.